Noise Pollution: Causes, Effects, and Prevention

Noise Pollution
Noise Pollution

What is the most dangerous environmental threat to health? According to WHO, its atmospheric pollution. According to the European Environment Agency (EEA), this type of contamination causes 16,600 premature deaths. It also causes more than 72 thousand hospitalizations per year in Europe alone.

Noise pollution can be heard from the honking of cars, workers drilling into the pavement, and aircraft flying overhead. The noise is so bad that people are longing for a Coronavirus crisis to come back to stop being violent in our cities.

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Not only is noise pollution terrible for humans, but it’s also hazardous to animals. According to the National Park Service (NPS) in America, animal life can be blocked or slowed down by this disruptive environmental issue. In addition, it has an extensive impact on wildlife across U-S states equally. Experts say that due to manmade sounds, the forest life got confused due to roaring aircraft, disturbing their breeding cycle. This leads different species to face danger for their life and even extinction.

What is noise pollution?

The World Health Organization defines noise above 65 decibels (dB), which is equivalent to a quiet conversation but can be considered harmful. It becomes painful at 75 dB and is not restful to sleep more than 30 dB during nighttime.

5 Causes of noise pollution 

Traffic noise 

Traffic noise
Traffic noise

The sound of traffic can be overwhelming, such as car horns 90 dB. In addition, buses make 100 dB noise that is intolerant.

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Air traffic noise 

Air traffic noise
Air traffic noise

The impact of aircraft on cities is significant, but it can’t compare to the number of cars. In addition, a single plane produces 130 decibels of noise which will harm hearing for people nearby.

The noise of construction sites

The noise of construction sites
The noise of construction sites

Construction work is noisy. For example, a pneumatic drill produces 110 dB of noise, which can disrupt your sleep at night if you live nearby.

Noise from bars or clubs.

Noise from bars or clubs
Noise from bars or clubs

In good weather, the best places in town to be heard are bars and restaurants. They’re full of people and create over 100 dB voices. This carries noise from bars or clubs.

Animals’ noise 

Animals' noise
Animals’ noise

If you can hear the noises that animals make, they’re likely making around 60-80 dB. So, for example, barking dogs and howling cats tend to produce more noise than unnoticeable softer barks or meowing sounds.

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EFFECTS OF NOISE POLLUTION

EFFECTS OF NOISE POLLUTION
EFFECTS OF NOISE POLLUTION

Constant loud noise is a severe health hazard, and the effects on humans can be devastating. Constant exposure to this type of sound throws off our equilibrium by causing tinnitus or deafness. In addition, noise pollution may damage others, even more, when it matters most for ear growth even more in their youth age.

Physiological issues 

The constant noise causes audible damage to your ears and other organs. This can lead to respiratory agitation, high blood pressure, racing pulse, headaches, colitis, gastritis, or heart attacks.

Psychological issues

Being constantly exposed to noise can cause stress, anxiety, fatigue, and depression among humans and animals.

Unrestful sleep and behavioral change

The noisy surroundings can keep us awake at night and interfere with our sleep. According to the World Health Organization, it should be no louder than 30 dB! In addition, loud noises have long-lasting effects on behavior, causing irritability or aggressive tendencies in some living near the noisy area.

Loss of memory and learning ability 

The noise around us can have a disastrous effect on our ability to focus. Moreover, it is dangerous for memory, making it challenging to study and remember what we’re learning in class or sitting down at home.

Precautionary measures to protect the environment from noise pollution 

Precautionary measures to protect the environment from noise pollution
Precautionary measures to protect the environment from noise pollution

The WHO has called for greater awareness of noise pollution, an invisible enemy that can cause serious health problems. You should avoid noisy activities like using headphones or playing songs on high-power speakers. Educating the younger generation about environmental issues will help them understand how their actions affect others around them.

Government sectors also have a responsibility to set measures for the protection of people. For example, the authorities should ban noise, creating pressure horns and loudspeakers in clubs, marriage halls, or other entertainment sites.